The primary means to combat climate change should remain the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. But it has become necessary to explore additional approaches to reduce risks beyond what emissions cuts alone can achieve.
Additional approaches include
//greatly expanded and accelerated adaptation measures to reduce climate vulnerability
//removing excess carbon dioxide from the atmosphere
//possibly cooling the planet by reflecting incoming sunlight.
These additional approaches should be researched and evaluated so that well-informed decisions can be made about their potential use. Governance is crucial, and should be effective, just, and equitable. But current arrangements are inadequate.